作者 ∶林明华（Lim Mun Fah）
翻译 ∶DOMINIC LOH
罗斯福於1932年出任美国第三十二任总统，时逢股市崩盘3年，经济大萧条，美国人民笼罩在士气空前低落的悲观氛围之中。临危受命的他，在上任的“黄金百日”之內，便推出了3R（復兴（Recover） 、救济（Relief） 、改革（Reform）新政，最终带领美国走出经济阴影，他也因此被誉为美国歷史上最孚眾望、最受爱戴及最伟大的总统之一。
As soon as he has assumed the office of prime minister, Najib immediately launched his first "100 days" expedition, and has become an instant hit with a bagful of goodies released to the people. However, the public are still watching closely how he is going to perform.
Historically, there have been two rather striking instances of "first 100 days"--the "100-Day Reforms" during the Manchu Dynasty in China, and the "Golden 100 Days" of the Franklin Roosevelt administration.
The former ended up a big flop, while the latter successfully twisted America's fate.
History always acts as a mirror, be it the fumbling "100-Day Reform" in China or the resounding success of America's "Golden 100 Days." The experiences in these two countries should serve as valuable lessons for us.
The "100-Day Reform" was introduced by the Manchu government and a group of intellectuals between June and September 1898, after China suffered the humiliating defeats in the Opium War and the First Sino-Japanese War. The reform nevertheless failed because of the strong opposition from the conservatives led by the Empress Dowager.
On the other hand, during his first 100 days, President Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced a series of bold reform policies and measures.
Roosevelt became the president of the United States in 1932, at a time when the US stock market had collapsed for a third consecutive year. The national economy was in pathetic shape and Americans were plunged into deep despair.
Taking over the White House at such a critical moment, Roosevelt introduced the 3Rs--Recover, Relief and Reform--within his first 100 days, eventually delivering the country out of economic gloom. Roosevelt has subsequently become one of the most popular, revered and greatest presidents of the country.
Roosevelt's great works were not limited to the economic front, he was also similarly held in high esteem for his great courage in preserving world freedom, peace and stability.
In his State of the Union address to the US Congress in 1941, Roosevelt announced that he would defend the four freedoms of humanity, namely freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. During the second world war, the Allies won because he led the US Army to take part in the war.
Contemplating the great works of Franklin Roosevelt, perhaps we would lament the poor performances of our own leaders.
But to individuals who really aspire to become great leaders, Roosevelt's noble disposition, wisdom and courage should serve as the perfect role model for them to emulate.